Additional Terms G through P

Gamekeeper’s Thumb.
Tear of the ulnar collateral ligament of the metacarpophalangeal joint of the thumb.
Glenohumeral.
The shoulder; consisting of the glenoid capsule, head of the humerus and labrum. The type of joint that allows 360-degree motion; a “ball and socket” joint.
Grade 1 Injury.
A mild injury in which a ligament, tendon or other musculoskeletal tissue may have been stretched or contused, but not torn or otherwise disrupted.
Grade 2 Injury.
A moderate injury when musculoskeletal tissue has been partially, but not totally, torn. A grade 2 injury will cause appreciable limitation in the function of the injured tissue.
Grade 3 Injury.
A severe injury in which tissue has been significantly torn or otherwise disrupted, causing a virtual total loss of function.
Groin.
Junction of the thigh and abdomen; location of muscles that rotate, flex and adduct the hip.
Hematoma.
Tumor-like mass produced by the accumulation of coagulated blood in a cavity.
Hot Pack.
Chemical pack that rests in water of approximately 160 degrees and is used for general therapeutic application.
Hyperextension.
Extreme extension of a limb or body part.
Ice Massage.
A small block of ice formed into a paper cup rubbed on an injury.
Iliac Crest.
Lateral edge of the hip, generally the site of a hip pointer.
Inferior.
Anatomically beneath, lower or toward the bottom.
Inflammation.
The body’s natural response to injury in which the involved site may display various degrees of pain, swelling, heat, redness and/or loss of function.
Intermittent Compression Pump.
Therapeutic modality that uses a pump to send air into a sleeve worn over an injury, on an intermittent basis, in order to disperse edema.
Internal Rotation.
Rotation of a joint or extremity medially or to the inside.
Interosseus Membrane.
Uniting membrane between the tibia and fibula that forms a collagenous fibrous tissue. It serves as an origin for many of the muscles of the lower leg and also acts to transmit stress from the tibia to the fibula.
Isokinetic Exercise.
Form of active resistive exercise in which the speed of limb movement is controlled by a preset limiting machine, such as Cybex or Biodex.
Isometric Contraction.
Muscular contraction in which tension is developed but no mechanical work is done. There is no appreciable joint movement, and the overall length of the muscles stays the same.
Isotonic Contraction.
A concentric or eccentric muscular contraction that results in movement of a joint or body part, as in lifting a weight.
-itis.
Suffix that refers to inflammation (for example, bursitis).
Joint Mobilization.
Passive traction and/or gliding movements applied to joint surfaces that maintain or restore normal joint motion.
Lateral.
To the outside of the body.
Lesion.
Wound, injury or tumor.
Ligament.
Band of fibrous tissue that connects bone to bone or bone to cartilage and supports and strengthens joints.
Lumbosacral.
Region of lower back comprising the lumbar and sacral spine.
Mallet Finger.
Injury of the fingertip in which the extension tendon is avulsed off the distal phalanx.
Mandible.
The jawbone.
Manipulation.
A passive movement applied to a body part.
Medial.
To the inside of the body.
Metacarpals.
Five long bones of the hand, running from the wrist to the fingers.
Myositis.
Inflammation of a muscle.
Myositis Ossificans.
Inflammation in a muscle resulting in the formation of a bone-like substance. Also known as “calcium deposit.”
National Athletic Trainers’ Association.
The certifying and governing body of the athletic training profession.
National Basketball Trainers Association.
The governing body of athletic trainers in the National Basketball Association.
Necrotic.
Relating to death of a portion of tissue.
Neoprene.
Lightweight rubber used in joint and muscle sleeves It is designed to provide support and/or insulation and heat retention to the area.
Neuritis.
Inflammation of a nerve.
Olecranon Process.
Bony projection of the ulna at the tip of the elbow.
One-Repetition Maximum.
The maximum amount of weight that can be lifted in a particular exercise at one time.
Orthotic.
Any device applied to or around the body in the care of physical impairment or disability, commonly used to control foot mechanics.
Parasthesia.
Sensation of numbness or tingling, indicating nerve irritation.
Pathology.
Study of the change of function and structure caused by injury or disease.
Phalnax, Phalanges (pl.).
Any bone(s) of the fingers or toes.
Phlebitis.
Inflammation of a vein.
Plantar.
Pertaining to the sole of the foot.
Plantarflexion.
Ankle motion such that the toes are pointed toward the ground.
Posterior.
At the back or rear, of the body.
Progressive Resistance Exercise (PRE).
An approach to exercise whereby the load or resistance to the muscle is applied by some mechanical means.
Pronation.
Moving the hand into a palm-downward position or placing the foot into an abducted and everted position. 
Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF).
An approach to therapeutic exercise for increasing range of motion based on the principles of functional human anatomy and neurophysiology.
Proximal.
Term describing the location of one anatomical body part that is closer to the midline of the body than another. For example, the elbow is proximal to the hand.
Gatorade is the recommended
Sports Drink of the NBATA