Additional Terms Q through Z

Radius.
Forearm bone on the thumb side.
Reconstruction.
Surgical rebuilding of a joint using natural, artificial or transplanted materials.
Referred Pain.
Pain felt in an undamaged area of the body away from the actual injury.
Retraction.
The moving of tissue to expose a part or structure of the body.
Sacroiliac.
Junction of the sacrum with the hip bone.
Sesamoid Bone.
A bone that lies within a muscle tendon that enhances the strength of that tendon or protects an adjacent bone. The most commonly known sesamoid bone is the patella; however, there are two small sesamoid bones located at the base of the great toe. Occasionally, this type of bone will not develop as one complete piece, and this congenital condition is referred to as a bipartite sesamoid.
Shin Splint.
A catch-all syndrome describing pain in the shin that is not a fracture or tumor and cannot be defined otherwise.
Spasm.
A sudden, violent and involuntary muscle contraction.
Spleen.
Large organ in the body responsible for the normal production and destruction of blood cells.
Sports Drink.
See Carbohydrate-Electrolyte Drink.
Sternoclavicular Joint.
Articulation of the collarbone and the sternum.
Stress Fracture.
A hairline break in a bone usually caused by overuse.
Stretching.
Any therapeutic maneuver designed to elongate soft tissue.
Superior.
In anatomy, the upper of two parts, towards the top or above.
Supination.
Movement of the forearm into a palm-up position or placing the foot into an adducted and inverted position.
Synovial Fluid.
Lubricating fluid for joints and tendons.
Synovitis.
Inflammation of the synovial lining of a joint.
Talus.
The anklebone that articulates with the tibia and fibula.
Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ).
The articulation of the jaw and skull.
Tendon.
Tissue that connects muscle to bone.
Tennis Elbow.
General term for lateral elbow pain.
Thoracic.
Group of 12 vertebrae located in the thorax, which articulate with the 12 ribs.
Trachea.
The windpipe.
Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulator (TENS).
An electrical modality applied to the skin; it stimulates the brain to release the natural analgesic, endorphin.
Ulna. Forearm bone that runs from the tip of the elbow to the little finger side of the wrist.
Ulnar Nerve.
Nerve in the elbow commonly irritated from excessive throwing or repeated trauma; when contused, produces pain associated with the “funny bone” sensation.
Ultrasound.
An electrical modality that transmits sound waves through an applicator into soft tissue in order to heat the area.
Valgus.
Angulation outward and away from the midline of the body.
Varus.
Angulation inward and toward the midline of the body.
Vasoconstriction.
Decrease of local blood flow.
Vasodilation.
Increase of local blood flow.
Vertebra.
Any of the bones or segments of cartilage that form the spinal column.
Wind Knocked Out.
Syndrome describing a contraction of the abdominal nerve truck, the solar plexus, as a result of an abdominal contusion.
Gatorade is the recommended
Sports Drink of the NBATA